SOPHIA PATHWAYSophia - Human Biology - Unit 5 Milestone 5. Concepts indicated and ALL CORRECT ANSWERS HIGHLIGHTED IN YELLOW.
Buy and Download >
CLICK ON THE PRODUCT INFORMATION URL FOR MORE INFO
Sophia - Human Biology - Unit 5 Milestone 51 Correct Answers Highlighted in Yellow Which type of pancreatic cells help to lower blood sugar? • Delta cells • Beta cells • Alpha cells • Gamma cells CONCEPT Pancreatic Hormones 2 After fertilization, the newly formed zygote begins to divide into multiple cells through a process called __________. • Morphogenesis • Cleavage • Blastomere • Gastrulation CONCEPT Fertilization and Early Development 3 Which step(s) of urine formation is important to maintain the body's acid-base balance? • Filtration and reabsorption • Reabsorption • Secretion • Filtration CONCEPT Urine Formation 4 Which of the following statements about aging is true? • As a woman ages, she enters andropause and can no longer reproduce. • Signs of aging may include changes in your skin, height, muscle mass, bones and organ function. • The way in which you age is completely dictated by your lifestyle. • All of these statements are correct. CONCEPT Effects of Aging on Your Body 5 Which layer of the digestive tract contains blood vessels and nerve cells? • Lumen • Submucosa • Serosa • Mucosa CONCEPT The Alimentary Canal 6 Which segment of the small intestine connects to the large intestine? • Duodenum • Jejunum • Ileum • Lipase CONCEPT Small Intestine 7 Select the correct route of sperm once they are produced. • Penis → Testes → Urethra → Epididymis → Ejaculatory duct → Vas deferens • Testes → Penis → Epididymis → Urethra → Vas deferens → Ejaculatory duct • Testes → Epididymis → Vas deferens → Ejaculatory duct → Urethra → Penis • Penis → Urethra → Ejaculatory duct → Vas deferens → Epididymis →Testes CONCEPT Male Reproductive System 8 An individual's blood volume and blood pressure decrease. Which of the following will be the body's response to maintain homeostasis and increase the blood volume and blood pressure? • ADH is released, the kidneys conserve water, urine becomes concentrated • ADH is released, the kidneys conserve water, the urine becomes more diluted • ADH is released, less water is reabsorbed, the urine becomes more concentrated • ADH is released, less water is reabsorbed, the urine becomes more diluted CONCEPT Fluid Balance and Blood Pressure 9 Which type of digestion occurs in the stomach? • Chemical • Neither mechanical nor chemical • Both mechanical and chemical • Mechanical CONCEPT Stomach 10 Which of these can be concluded from an 8-week-old embryo? • It is a female. • It is prone to obesity. • It has brown hair. • It has attached earlobes. CONCEPT Embryonic and Fetal Development 11 Which of the following best describes blood pH when homeostasis is maintained? • Neutral • Slightly basic • Heavily acidic • Slightly acidic CONCEPT Blood pH 12 Which part of the large intestine absorbs water? • Descending colon • All parts absorb water • Transverse colon • Ascending colon CONCEPT Large Intestine 13 Which of the following is most likely the cause of Graves' disease? • Lower than normal levels of parathyroid hormone in the blood • Higher than normal levels of parathyroid hormone in the blood • Lower than normal levels of thyroid hormones in the blood • Higher than normal levels of thyroid hormones in the blood CONCEPT Thyroid and Parathyroid 14 In which stage of labor is the placenta expelled from the uterus? • First • Second • Fourth • Third CONCEPT Labor and Birth 15 Which organ processes and stores nutrients from the digestive system? • Gallbladder • Pancreas • Liver • All three CONCEPT Pancreas, Gallbladder, & Liver 16 Where does digestion begin? • The mouth • The small intestine • The stomach • The large intestine CONCEPT Digestion 17 Which of the following statements about steroid hormones is true? • They are lipids that enter the cell and bind to receptors on the nucleus. • They are proteins that bind to receptors on the plasma membrane. • They are lipids that bind to receptors on the plasma membrane. • They are proteins that enter t