Straighterline – SOC 101 Topic 2. FALL 2020: Exam Reviewed for 100% Score.
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Straighterline – SOC 101 Topic 2. 1. In the early Twentieth Century, the women's world of sociology was centered at Select one: a. the University of Chicago. b. Hull House, a Chicago settlement house. Correct c. Smith College. d. Vassar College. 2. The "new breed" of sociologists of the 1960s and 1970s often Select one: a. emphasized scientific objectivity in their work. b. were actually major supporters of traditional sociology. c. rejected the scientific neutrality view because it was insensitive to social problems and human suffering. Correct d. despised the theoretical work of C. Wright Mills because they felt it was too reactionary. 3. The _______ theoretical perspective of sociology views society as a system. Select one: a. functionalism Correct b. conflict theory c. interactionism d. behaviorism 4. Max Weber's term verstehen suggests that Select one: a. sociologists must put themselves in the shoes of others to know how they think and feel. Correct b. sociologists, to be objective, must avoid putting themselves in the shoes of others. c. sociologists must engage in criticism of self in order to understand others. d. ideal types must be refuted to make sociology a real science. 5. __________ involves aspects of social life that have to do with order, stability, and social organization that allow societies and groups to hold together and endure. Select one: a. Social dynamics b. Organic solidarity c. Social statics Correct d. Mechanical solidarity 6. __________ refers to processes of social life that pattern institutional development and have to do with social change. Select one: a. Social dynamics Correct b. Social statics c. Organic solidarity d. Mechanical solidarity 7. For Durkheim, social facts are Select one: a. individual properties in reality. b. the tangible, brick-and-mortar institutions of society, like prisons. c. aspects of social life that cannot be explained in terms of either biological or mental characteristics of people. Correct d. similar to the Freudian concepts of the Id and Ego. 8. In viewing theory and research, Select one: a. theory must be emphasized over research. b. hard research is the primary emphasis of science; theory tends to be an afterthought. c. theory is mainly an "educated guessing game." d. both theory and research are necessary for the scientific enterprise. Correct 9. The _______ theoretical perspective focuses on the "micro" or small-scale aspects of social life. Select one: a. functionalism b. conflict theory c. interactionism Correct d. behaviorism 10. Spurious correlations Select one: a. are those where the apparent relationship between two variables is actually produced by a third variable. Correct b. are an ideal toward which researchers strive. c. are nonexistent in true scientific research. d. have no bearing on the researcher's search for truth. 11. Karl Marx focused on ______________ as a primary cause of the evolution of history. Select one: a. physical environments b. class conflict Correct c. genetic behavioral codes d. the psychology of the individual Feedback 12. Postmodernism Select one: a. is an intellectual view that suggests deep distrust of science and the research principle of objectivity. Correct b. is no different from the views of critical theory. c. assumes the modern period of history is an ongoing, never-ending process. d. supports the idea that we are entering an age dominated by a goods-producing economy. 13. Correlation Select one: a. is synonymous with cause and effect. b. exists if one variable changes and the other remains constant. c. is not necessarily the same as causation. Correct d. is the equivalent of spuriousness. 14. Which of the following was NOT one of Ann Meier's operational hypotheses? Select one: a. More permissive attitudes toward having sex will increase the probability of having sex. b. Having sex will result in adolescents having more permissive attitudes about having sex. c. Higher levels of religiosity will increase the probability of having sex. Correct d. All the choices were among Meier's operational hypotheses. 15. Which of the following is a core assumption of symbolic interactionism? Select one: a. People respond to elements in their environment on the basis of the meanings attached to such elements. b. Meaning attached to environmental elements develop from social interaction. c. Shared cultural meanings continually emerge and change. d. All of the choices are correct. Correct Show Less