PHL MISC: Sophia Philosophy Milestone 1. Ancient Greek Philosophers Milestone. Answers With Rationale. Scored 95%.
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You passed this Milestone 20 questions were answered correctly. 5UquNestiIonTs we1re a—nswerMed inIcLorrEectSly.TONE 1 Karen believes that she has a responsibility to protect the environment. C hoose the statement that is consistent with Karen's belief. “I have eliminated all plastic from my day-to-day life.” “I go to the farmer’s market if I have time to do so on the weekends.” “I serve meat to my family only on holidays and special occasions.” "I only drive my car to work when it is raining or too cold outside.” CONCEPT Philosophical Analysis as a Way of Life 2 In the passage below, Socrates imagines a dialogue between himself and Athens, personified as the laws: “Then the laws will say: ‘Consider, Socrates, if we are speaking truly that in your present attempt you are going to do us an injury. For, having brought you into the world, and nurtured and educated you, and given you and every other citizen a share in every good which we had to give, we further proclaim to any Athenian by the liberty which we allow him, that if he does not like us when he has become of age and has seen the ways of the city, and made our acquaintance, he may go where he pleases and take his goods with him. None of us laws will forbid him or interfere with him. Anyone who does not like us and the city, and who wants to emigrate to a colony or to any other city, may go where he likes, retaining his property. But he who has experience of the manner in which we order justice and administer the state, and still remains, has entered into an implied contract that he will do as we command him.’” Reconstruct the argument from this text and choose the sentence that accurately states the main premise of Socrates’ argument. Our senses do not provide us with truth, so the soul must attain truth without the distraction and deception caused by bodily experiences. By neither leaving Athens nor attempting to change its laws, Socrates consented to the terms of a Social Contract with Athens. An unjust act is obvious, just as a just act is obvious, but unless we know the true essence of justice, we cannot judge others. Socrates believes that taking advantage of opportunities to save his life would be giving in to his enemies, and approving his own destruction. CONCEPT The Apology — Socrates' Arguments 3 In the Phaedo, Socrates makes all of the following claims, EXCEPT: Sensory distractions hinder the soul's pursuit of truth and knowledge. Valuing what is right more than life is illogical and meaningless. Without a body to impede his or her progress, the philosopher may see things as they truly are. The philosopher is concerned with the soul and not with the body. CONCEPT The Phaedo: The Death of Socrates 4 Recall the similarities and differences between Plato and Aristotle's philosophical approaches. Select the statement that would most likely have been made by Plato, rather than by Aristotle. “My ideas have served as a starting point for both philosophy and the physical sciences.” “My approach is scientific and empirical; we learn about truth from observation and discovery.” “I teach by example and I live by what I teach, no matter the consequences.” “In order to find truth, we must first identify what makes a thing what it is, its essence. CONCEPT Aristotle: The Dissection of Reality 5 Choose the statement that describes a central theme of Parmenidean metaphysics. The opinions of mortals are universally reliable. Mortal and divine knowledge can be joined. The universe consists of one, unchanging entity. The world is composed of linked opposites. CONCEPT Parmenides and the Doctrine of Permanence 6 For Plato, the Forms are the foundation of reality, which means that knowledge of reality is grounded in knowledge of the Forms. natural metaphysical logical ethical CONCEPT Plato's Forms: The Objects of Knowledge 7 Which of the following statements about Aristotle’s metaphysics is FALSE? Humans have the natural capacity to know many things without divine revelation or empirical evidence. In order for a statement to be true, one must state that an object exists, what the object is, and the state in which it exists. Examining the nature of being, and knowing what kinds of things exist, is a sensible beginning point for philosophical inquiry. The distinction between form and matter is purely conceptual— one does not, and cannot, exist without the other. CONCEPT Aristotle on What There Is 8 Choose the question that distinguishes the focus of Socrates’ philosophical inquiry from that of the philosophers who preceded him. What is the role of the gods? What is real? What is the nature of the universe? What is knowledge? RATIONALE Socrates