Utopia More Thomas
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Utopia appeared in 1516 in the period of the great voyages of discovery, social unrest, the nascent humanism. Thomas More wrote a significant part of his book during his stay in Flanders. The traces thereof are in Utopia. More would - as he writes - through the Antwerp clerk Pieter Gilles came in contact with the Portuguese traveller Raphael Hythlodaeus, to inform them about the way of life of the Utopiërs, among whom five years he has lived; that Utopia is a community of workers, where the gap between rich and poor does not exist, where everyone has what he needs. Money plays no role. Economic crimes are not. Compare that island with the states in the West, but all too familiar. At the beginning of the sixteenth century, there is poverty, it is the judiciary corrupt, leads the large landed estates to glaring injustices and fails the politics on all sides. Mores sketch has a great influence on various political movements, especially the socialist.Sir Thomas More (1478 - 1535), London's lawyer, made under king Henry VIII's political career, rose to become Lord chancellor in 1529. Found guilty of high treason he died on 6 July 1535 on the scaffold. He was friends with Erasmus, and was one of the most important humanists.