George Orwell - 1984
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Literature genre of dystopia appeared in the first part of the 20th century due to numerous historical and social changes. Huge tempos of scientific and technical progress, arising and step by step disappointment in the bourgeois ideas, development of the depersonalized consumer society, and fear of fascism caused the interest in this kind of novels. Dystopia genre has been established by Y. Zamyatin (novel “We”, 1923) and cultivated by George Orwell with his work “1984”, which resulted from Orwell’s frustration in the socialist ideas.