Charke : Medley Overture : Viola
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Composer: Richard Charke (1710 - 1778)
Although not published until 1763, Charke's Medley Overture appears to have been written some 30 years earlier, possibly for use with the pantomime "Harlequin Restor'd", with subsequent rehearsals at similar productions. The piece is similar to the Gay/Pepusch prototype of the "Beggar's Opera": in this case Charke opens with "Dicky's walk" (from "Dr Faustus"), and then proceeds to quote both "low" tunes and "high" (e.g. Handel's March from "Scipio"). Some of these quotes are no more than brief allusions; they include tunes also used in the "Beggar's Opera", e.g. "Lilliburlero" and "The Happy Clown".
This overture shares features with others published as a set of six (Arne, Lampe, Howard, Prelleur (2)): all are described in the frontispiece as being of seven parts; in practice oboe parts diverge from those of the violins only in exceptional circumstances, and the violins frequently merge. Thus any harmony in more than two parts is perfunctory. One gets an impression of scores catering for an ad hoc and fluid orchestra, for which volume was more important than aesthetic subtlety. That impression mirrors the accounts by Charlotte Charke (Charke's wife, and Arne's niece by marriage) in her entertaining if unreliable memoirs of a "strolling player".
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