Bertelsen - Chapter 08
An Anthropological-psychological Taxonomy
What does it mean to be human — and how can psychology contribute to
our understanding of humanity?
The central questions in this book have been: How are we as humans able
to participate in a moral and societal life built on co-existence? What should
a theoretical model look like that is able to identify and explain the core
aspects of human competencies and qualities by which we are able to
participate in a moral and societal life? And how, that is, by which
methodologies, on what kind of scientific foundation, and with the aid of
which explanatory styles, can such theoretical models of the human
condition be constructed?
This book attempts to answer the above questions by presenting a basic
anthropological model of human psychological connectedness to
surroundings, especially with regards to the directedness at/by the
directedness in certain phenomena: free will, consciousness and self.
The book's project has been to present this basic anthropological model
and thereby show that it is a good proposition for a 'critical tolerance on the
basis of co-existence', that it is a good proposition for a 'critical realistic
universalism', and as mentioned, a proposition of psychology's contribution
to a general anthropology.