Rathkolb - Chapter 02
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Peculiarities of Austrian Democracy
The Austrian form of controlled democracy, typified by two big, dominant party blocs and the social partnership and termed Proporz
(proportional), or concordant, democracy, was certainly a special case
of the generally rather restricted development of democracy in Europe
after 1945; by the 1960s many were already talking, in exaggerated
language, of a demo-dictatorship. But this development had its reasons.
In the collective self-image of Austrians, the Second Republic had been
constructed as the deliberate opposite of the conflict- and
violence-oriented First Republic, and the collaboration of the big
political blocs retained its positive associations right into the 1950s.