Rathkolb - Chapter 02
Peculiarities of Austrian Democracy
The Austrian form of controlled democracy, typified by two big, dominant party blocs and the social partnership and termed Proporz
(proportional), or concordant, democracy, was certainly a special case
of the generally rather restricted development of democracy in Europe
after 1945; by the 1960s many were already talking, in exaggerated
language, of a demo-dictatorship. But this development had its reasons.
In the collective self-image of Austrians, the Second Republic had been
constructed as the deliberate opposite of the conflict- and
violence-oriented First Republic, and the collaboration of the big
political blocs retained its positive associations right into the 1950s.