Vivanco - Tarzan - Chapter 13
"Oh Shucks, Here Comes UNTAG!"
Peacekeeping as Adventure in Namibia
Robert J. Gordon
The ending of conflict is a specific enterprise. It belongs neither to war
nor to peace, just as a bridge is different from either bank it connects (Simmel
Rereading Simmel, one is struck by how his view of the Adventure creating
an "exclave" is similar to Victor Turner's notions of anti-structure, liminality,
and communitas. For Simmel the Adventure is largely experiential
fantasy, others and ours, packaged as time away from ordinary life. Most
studies of adventure have focused on individual adventures, and this paper
suggests that one can extend the notion by incorporating the Turnerian dimension.
Transitions, as Turner showed, are situations of uncertainty and
danger in which one moves to a new status. Conventional analyses of Adventures
see them as entailing a distinctive structural movement, either
spatially and/or socially, in which the adventurer has to deal with a challenging
element of unpredictability, risk, and danger, all of which combine
to create a "Time Out" from the operation of the daily humdrum of society
(with the challenging element of danger).