Maida - Chapter 10 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Maida - Chapter 10

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The Design of the Built Environment and Social Capital

Case Study of a Coastal Town Facing Rapid Changes

In the last century the design of the built environment has faced considerable paradigm changes. The functionalist approach to design emerged in architecture and planning in the nineteenth century (Pérez-Gómez 1983), as these professions became enamored with the technological products of the Industrial Revolution. Functionality and universality of solutions were the premises of the Modernist movement, which proposed the creation of a new world for a "new technological man." Modernism prevailed for half a century, reaching its peak during the reconstruction period following World War II. In the postwar era, the first signs emerged that the new technological man did not, in practice, fit well in the new built environment based upon "universal" design principles. In the 1960s, neighborhood activism and social movements emerged "in a struggle to preserve and enhance places that mattered" (Ley 1989: 53). In academia, an interdisciplinary approach also emerged as a way to make sense of a world that did not fit into the Modernist framework. In this way, and to counter the functionalist approach, phenomenological, anthropological, and sociological approaches came to be applied to design practices. These disciplines began to influence post-Modern design and its attendant concerns with place and with the alienation of people from their surrounding environment as a result of industrialization, urbanization, and the machine aesthetic of Modernism (Ley 1989).

The Design of the Built Environment and Social CapitalCase Study of a Coastal Town Facing Rapid ChangesKarla CaserIn the last century the design of the built environment has faced considerable paradigm changes. The functionalist approach to design e
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