Maida - Chapter 04 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Maida - Chapter 04

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"Talking About Kultura and Signing Contracts"

The Bureaucratization of the Environment on Palawan Island (the Philippines)

In the Philippines, legislative requirements and bureaucratic procedures associated with indigenous claims over land and resources do not create a facilitating environment for sustainable culture and community-based practices. The old, strictly punitive protectionism is now being replaced by equally dangerous "community-based" forest management programs. Indigenous communities are no longer evicted from their territories; instead, they are asked to enter into agreements with the state. In spite of their promising features, community-based forest management agreements (CBFMAs) may contribute to the erosion of community livelihood and social cohesion while having adverse effects on fragile forest ecosystems.

Today, the Batak of Palawan1 are inescapably trapped in a "state discourse" on property rights and environmental protection, with which they have great difficulties coping. Furthermore, they are all too aware of how state bureaucracy cannot be challenged through straightforward descriptions of their knowledge and beliefs. The latter, in turn, cannot be translated into the language of bureaucracy (Novellino 2003b).

"Talking About Kultura and Signing Contracts"The Bureaucratization of the Environment on Palawan Island (the Philippines)Dario NovellinoIn the Philippines, legislative requirements and bureaucratic procedures associated with indigenous claims over l
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