Bentley and Mace - Chapter 15
Quality, Quantity and Type of Childcare
Effects on Child Development in the U.S.
the past thirty years, great changes have taken place in not simply the
number of mothers with young children in the labour force, but most
especially in the timing
of mothers' return to employment following a child's birth. Consider in
this regard that in 1975, 34 per cent of mothers with children under
six years of age were in the
workforce in the U.S., though by 1999 the corresponding figure was 61
per cent. More noteworthy, however, are the changes that took
place in the rates of employment of mothers with infants under a year
of age. In the U.S. today, the overwhelming majority of mothers who
return to employment after
having a child do so before their child's first birthday.