Anderson and Nuttall - Chapter 11
The postwar years were a time of rapid change in the Canadian North.
There was a growing view in government that the old fur trade economy
was no longer sustainable, but what should or could be done
about it was unclear. The problem seemed especially critical in the
least accessible and least developed parts of the North, not least in the
central Barren Grounds between the Mackenzie River and Hudson Bay.
The defining event of that place and time was the so-called 'caribou
crisis': the apparent confirmation by science of long-held suspicions of
severe depletion of the great Barren Ground caribou herds, due to overhunting
by the Inuit and Dene who, it was supposed, were unwittingly
setting themselves up for disaster.