Beckmann and Wiber - Chapter 12
The Folk Conceptualisation of Property and Forest-related Going Concerns in Madagascar
in many aid-dependent countries, the defenders of 'recognition' and
'pluralism' in Madagascar have been more influential than the tropical
forest conservationists who called for more repression of local users.
Despite the victory, the institutional diagnostic of the former was
incorrect. It is true that forest resources are not open access. But
use and control rights are governed by a popular conceptualisation of
the structure of which limits the range of rules that can possibly be
recognised through a contractual arrangement.