Donovan and Onofri - Chapter 01
The Birth of the Democratic Party
Italy, the PD primaries were open to everyone and represented
a decisive step in the creation of a new party through the merger of
the Left Democrats (DS) and the Margherita-Democracy Is Liberty
(Margherita). Such a merger is a risky and relatively rare undertaking
in party systems that are characterized by division and fragmentation.
The PD aims to rationalize the Italian political system by
bipolarism or, according to some of its creators, by eventually
establishing a two-party system that would not only enable Italy to be
governable, as public opinion desires, but also provide a response
to the profound sense of malaise about contemporary democracy.
Finally, for the left, the PD is part of a specifically Italian logic
that it aims to consolidate moderate forces and thereby prevent the
reconstitution of a powerful political center. But it also claims to
as an example to the whole of the European left. Piero Fassino, the
DS party secretary from 2001 to 2007, explains it as follows: "The old
tripolar framework, with the right, left, and center all trying to
each other, no longer works." It is therefore important to retrace the
gestation of this new, intriguing political party.