At about the time that Puritan refugees were settling the wilds of Massachusetts, Europe was embroiled in the greatest conflict the world had ever seen. At stake was the supremacy of the Catholic Church over matters spiritual and temporal. The Reformation''s momentum and adherents were impossible for the Pope and Catholic princes to ignore. Hundreds of thousands of lives would be lost for the sake of religion and the right to practice it.
The Thirty Years'' War (1618-1648) radically changed the political, cultural, and economic dynamics of 17th century Europe. Recounted by master historian Friedrich Schiller, this classic five-volume historical narrative was originally published in his native German 1791-1793. Even after more than 200 years, Schiller''s account is still regarded as the starting point for any study or discussion of the period.
This masterfully-produced eBook preserves the Morrison translation of Schiller''s "History of the Thirty Years'' War" in its entirety. It is fully-searchable and fully printable (275pp, 2.14 Mb)
Introduction. General effects of the Reformation. Revolt of Matthias. The Emperor cedes Austria and Hungary to him. Matthias acknowledged King of Bohemia. The Elector of Cologne abjures the Catholic Religion. Consequences. The Elector Palatine. Dispute respecting the Succession of Juliers. Designs of Henry IV. of France. Formation of the Union. The League. Death of the Emperor Rodolph. Matthias succeeds him. Troubles in Bohemia. Civil War. Ferdinand extirpates the Protestant Religion from Styria. The Elector Palatine, Frederick V., is chosen King by the Bohemians. He accepts the Crown of Bohemia. Bethlen Gabor, Prince of Transylvania, invades Austria. The Duke of Bavaria and the Princes of the League embrace the cause of Ferdinand. The Union arm for Frederick. The Battle of Prague and total subjection of Bohemia.
State of the Empire. Of Europe. Mansfeld. Christian, Duke of Brunswick. Wallenstein raises an Imperial Army at his own expense. The King of Denmark defeated. Death of Mansfeld. Edict of Restitution in 1628. Diet at Ratisbon. Negociations. Wallenstein deprived of the Command. Gustavus Adolphus. Swedish Army. Gustavus Adolphus takes his leave of the States at Stockholm. Invasion by the Swedes. Their progress in Germany. Count Tilly takes the Command of the Imperial Troops. Treaty with France. Congress at Leipzig. Siege and cruel fate of Magdeburg. Firmness of the Landgrave of Cassel. Junction of the Saxons with the Swedes. Battle of Leipzig. Consequences of that Victory.
Situation of Gustavus Adolphus after the Battle of Leipzig. Progress of Gustavus Adolphus. The French invade Lorraine. Frankfort taken. Capitulation of Mentz. Tilly ordered by Maximilian to protect Bavaria. Gustavus Adolphus passes the Lech. Defeat and Death of Tilly. Gustavus takes Munich. The Saxon Army invades Bohemia, and takes Prague. Distress of the Emperor. Secret Triumph of Wallenstein. He offers to Join Gustavus Adolphus. Wallenstein re-assumes the Command. Junction of Wallenstein with the Bavarians. Gustavus Adolphus defends Nuremberg. Attacks Wallenstein''s Intrenchments. Enters Saxony. Goes to the succour of the Elector of Saxony. Marches against Wallenstein. Battle of Lutzen. Death of Gustavus Adolphus. Situation of Germany after the Battle of Lutzen.
Closer Alliance between France and Sweden. Oxenstiern takes the Direction of Affairs. Death of the Elector Palatine. Revolt of the Swedish Officers. Duke Bernhard takes Ratisbon. Wallenstein enters Silesia. Forms Treasonable Designs. Forsaken by the Army. Retires to Egra. His associates put to death. Wallenstein''s death. His Character.
Battle of Nordlingen. France enters into an Alliance against Austria. Treaty of Prague. Saxony joins the Emperor. Battle of Wistock gained by the Swedes. Battle of Rheinfeld gained by Bernhard, Duke of Weimar. He takes Brisach. His death. Death of Ferdinand II. Ferdinand III. succeeds him. Celebrated Retreat of Banner in Pomerania. His Successes. Death. Torstensohn takes the Command. Death of Richelieu and Louis XIII. Swedish Victory at Jankowitz. French defeated at Freyburg. Battle of Nordlingen gained by Turenne and Conde. Wrangel takes the Command of the Swedish Army. Melander made Commander of the Emperor''s Army. The Elector of Bavaria breaks the Armistice. He adopts the same Policy towards the Emperor as France towards the Swedes. The Weimerian Cavalry go over to the Swedes. Conquest of New Prague by Koenigsmark, and Termination of the Thirty Years'' War.