Bartov - Chapter 09
In 1916 two British authors articulated the first academic thesis on
the systematic nature of these killings: first, Armenian conscripts
were liquidated in the Ottoman army; then, Armenian community leaders
were rounded up and killed; finally, the remaining Armenian population
was "deported." These deportations entailed forced marches accompanied
by deprivations, individual killings, and general massacres.2 Yet, the
evidence at hand shows that a large number of Armenians were also
"abducted," "carried off," or "converted to Islam" during this period.
This paper argues that the fate of this latter class of Armenians was
part of the same genocidal calculus as those who were murdered.