Reinhardt - Chapter 01 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Reinhardt - Chapter 01

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Buy and Download Description In the context of African slavery, the period of the French Enlightenment is generally remembered as the founding moment of abolitionary ideology. In particular, the French philosophes Montesquieu, Voltaire, Denis Diderot, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the Abbé Raynal, and Condorcet are believed to have been at the origin of a humanitarian process that undermined the slave regime and ultimately led to its demise. During the 150th anniversary of the abolition of slavery a journalist tellingly writes that the first abolition of slavery in 1794 was achieved through the "impetus given by the humanists" (Vidal 1998). Another journalist similarly links the abolitionary movement directly to the philosophes' unanimous condemnation of the African slave trade (Paringaux 1998). An exhibition organized on the same occasion by the Archives Départementales de la Guadeloupe (1998: 14-15) reserves a section to the philosophes. Passages of Voltaire's Candide ([1759] 1973) and Montesquieu's De l'esprit des lois ([1748] 1955) illustrate denunciations of the slave regime. The memory of slavery during the Enlightenment is still dominated by the belief in the transformative influence of the Age of Reason on inequality, injustice, and exploitation. In the context of African slavery, the period of the French Enlightenment is generally remembered as the founding moment of abolitionary ideology. In particular, the French philosophes Montesquieu, Voltaire, Denis Diderot, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, t
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