Quataert - Chapter01 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Quataert - Chapter01

Quataert - Chapter01 QuataertMiners_01 Instant Download Price
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Buy and Download Description The narrative setting for this account centers on the coalfield of Zonguldak, a few hours' drive eastward along the Black Sea coast from modern Istanbul. Exploitation of the Zonguldak mines began in the early nineteenth century, as Ottoman leaders confronted the implications of the steam revolution and sought coal to power the war fleet and state factories. Steam and coal, after all, were accelerating the ongoing shift in the balance of wealth and power toward Western Europeans, a process underway since their conquest of the New World and domination of the human, mineral and other natural resources of the newly discovered continents. As the Ottoman economy increasingly entered the steam age, state planners looked for indigenous mines to maintain uninterrupted supplies, even in wartime. After several false starts that may date back to the 1820s, coal began to flow from the Zonguldak mines around 1850, promising a richly abundant supply independent of foreign control. Mine workers were recruited in large numbers to dig the coal; and on the eve of World War I, they totaled more than 10,000 persons, the largest concentrated labor force in the 600-year history of the Ottoman Empire. These workers are the focus of the present study. The narrative setting for this account centers on the coalfield of Zonguldak, a few hours' drive eastward along the Black Sea coast from modern Istanbul. Exploitation of the Zonguldak mines began in the early nineteenth century, as Ottoman leaders
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