Mead - Chapter 22
This item is an edited transcription of an "opening paper" that Mead
delivered to a symposium on modernization conducted at the University
of Rhode Island. In it she summarizes much that had been learned by
anthropologists and others about the phenomenon of planned
modernization. She focuses on the three decades following World War II
— a period of unprecedented attention to the systematic promotion of
modernization and development in what had become known as the "Third
World." She examines both positive and negative impacts of organized
programs sponsored by governments and non-governmental organizations in
the heavily industrialized nations, to bring to economically less
developed nations what the former defined as progress. During these
three decades numerous approaches were tried, only to be found wanting.
Mead does not hesitate to criticize, and spares no academic discipline,
including her own.