McPhersonAnti - Chapter 08 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

McPhersonAnti - Chapter 08

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Buy and Download Description It is an irony that, as the so-called refolutions1 of Eastern Europe unfolded over the autumn of 1989, and during the "final offensive" of the Farabundo Martí Front for National Liberation (FMLN) in El Salvador, an elite US-backed battalion entered the Central American University and shot six Jesuits, their housekeeper Elba Ramos, and her daughter Celina Ramos. As the democratic options were opening up in Eastern Europe, the repression by US-sponsored "national security states" was still intense. The Jesuits were perhaps the most visible symbols of a liberation theology that had grown in Latin America since the late 1960s. Crucially, liberation theologians argued that "the man who is not a man" had to be humanized and made conscious of the economic and political structures that kept him in poverty. For liberation theologians, salvation was something to be sought in this world, not just in the afterworld. For one of the key theorists and active theologians, Gustavo Gutierrez, who published the seminal A Theology of Liberation in the early 1970s, the word "poor" did not signify a description of an individual condition. Instead, talk of the poor involved an "element of social conflict," he wrote. "The word 'poor' is not a tranquilizing one." Instead it situates the poor as "the product, or by-product, of an economic and social system fashioned by a few for their own benefit. So a structural conflict is embedded in the reality of the poor." An awareness of their situation therefore necessitated and involved the poor in a fight against those conditions.2 It is an irony that, as the so-called refolutions1 of Eastern Europe unfolded over the autumn of 1989, and during the "final offensive" of the Farabundo Martí Front for National Liberation (FMLN) in El Salvador, an elite US-backed battalion e
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