Limberg - Chapter 06
The National Socialists consciously pushed the Jews' cultural
segregation in their quest for a "pure German culture." While Jewish
attendance at public artistic facilities and events was "only" banned
in 1938, Jewish artists were driven from public cultural life soon
after the seizure of power in 1933. On September 22, 1933, the Reich
Chamber of Culture Law established chambers for all fields of culture.
Henceforth, membership in one or more of these chambers would be the
precondition for any future cultural activity. Although the law did not
contain the so-called Aryan section until 1937, Jews were not permitted
to join, and wherever Jews were still at work they were removed under
government pressure. The Aryan section in the Reich Press Law of
October 1933 amounted to an employment ban for Jewish journalists. The
only exceptions were for those journalists working for the Jewish
press. Many world-famous artists, actors, musicians, writers, and
directors subsequently left Germany. But the majority stayed on.