Process Risk Management Ebook
The Process Risk Management Ebook - Ian Sutton uses methods such as risk tree analysis combined with process safety information to help you gain an accurate operational risk assessment. This 272 page HSE book is a must read for the HSE Manager and those studying process hazards analysis.
Excellent safety and environmental performance in the process industries does not happen by chance after all, most process facilities handle large quantities of toxic, flammable and explosive materials, often at high temperature and pressure. Such processes are inherently hazardous. Therefore process risk must be properly understood and managed.
An effective risk management program has three elements. First, the program must be properly grounded in theory. Second, risk management has to be based practical. Many risk analyses are theoretically interesting, but they do not provide much practical help to managers, operators and engineers working on operating facilities and on projects.
The third element in an effective risk management program is the appropriate use of both the ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ approaches to both analysis and follow-up. The ‘hard’ approach relies on the use of formal models, quantitative data and an objective examination of equipment and instrumentation. The ‘soft’ approach, on the other hand, is oriented more toward understanding people and their behaviors. The best risk management programs and this book, combine both approaches.
Synopsis by Chapter:
Chapter 1 - Risk Management provides an overview of risk management in the process industries. Terminology - such as the important distinction between the words 'frequency' and 'probability' - is explained, as are fundamental concepts, such as the role of safeguards in a process safety management system.
Chapter 2 - Hazards Identification describes how hazards can be identified, usually in a team environment. The role of the team leader facilitator, scribe and department specialists is discussed, as is the all important topic of writing the final report. The chapter points out some of the limitations of typical hazards analyses, and discusses how hazards analysis fits into the overall topic of process safety management.
Chapter 3 - Hazards Analysis Techniques describes some of the more commonly used methods for identifying hazards. The Hazard and Operability HAZOP method is discussed in depth, as are Failure Modes & Effects Analysis FMEA, Checklists and the What-If approach. The strengths and limitations of each technique are described.
Chapter 4 - Consequence Analysis provides an overview of some of the major consequence issues facing the process industries. These include fires, explosions, and toxic gas releases.
Chapter 5 - Likelihood Analysis provides a background to the difficult yet important issue of risk quantification. The chapter starts by discussing the Pareto Principle, then discusses the Fault Tree Analysis method in some depth. The final section of the chapter outlines some of the limitations that are inherent in quantification work.
Note: The fault tree content of this chapter is available in an expanded form in Fault Tree Analysis .
Chapter 6 - Common Hazards explains that many hazards are common to a wide variety of processes and technologies. A wide range of such common hazards are listed in this chapter.
About the Author ...
Ian Sutton has been working as a process of risk management specialist for many years. During that time he has written a number of books and ebooks on the topic titles include Process Hazards Analysis, Process Safety Management, Management of Change, Writing Operating Procedures for Process Plants, Process Reliability and Safety, Y2K and the Process Industries sales of which are not what they were and Fault Tree Analysis.
Email with download link sent immediately after purchase.
Price: US$69.95 272 Pages
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 — Risk Management
About this Series
Engineering Minutes / Events
Clients / Customers
Facility / Plant Managers
Regulators / Auditors
Health, Safety & Environmental HSE Programs
Environmental and Sustainability Programs
Process Safety Management
Elements of Risk
Maximum Allowable Working Pressure MAWP
Unsafe Mixing Scenarios
Materials of Construction Table
Type of Consequence
Presence of Persons
Economies of Scale
Levels of Protection / Safeguards
Safeguard Level 1: Normal Operations
Safeguard Level 2: Procedural Safeguards
Safeguard Level 3: Safety Instrumented Systems
Safeguard Level 4: Mechanical Safeguards
Pressure Safety Relief Valves
Safeguard Level 5: Passive Safeguards
Safeguard Level 6: Emergency Response
Subjective Nature of Risk
Degree of Control
Familiarity with the Hazard
Natural vs. Man-Made Risks
Recency of Events
Effects of the Consequence Term
As Low as Reasonably Practical - ALARP
De Minimis Risk
Citations / ‘Case Law’
Public Safety and Health
Risk Management Process
Step 1. Identify the Hazards
Creative / Imaginative
Experience-Based / Engineering Standards
Logical / Rational
Step 2. Risk Rank
Step 3. Identify Hazard Causes
Step 4. Eliminate or Substitute the Hazard
Step 5. Remove the People
Step 6. Mitigate the Consequences
Step 7. Reduce the Likelihood
Step 8. Install Safeguards
Common Cause Events
Instruments on Manual
Human Error / Untrained Personnel
The Risk Register
Hazard / Consequence / Likelihood / Risk
Chapter 2 — Hazards Identification
Organization of a Hazards Analysis
Charge / Scope Letter
Location of the Meeting
Projection of Notes
Block Flow Diagrams BFDs
Process Flow Diagrams PFDs
Piping and Instrument Diagrams P&IDs
Cause and Effect Diagrams
Security of the Information
Leader / Facilitator
Challenge the Status Quo Ante
“If We Had Unlimited Money”
Knowledge of Actual Incidents
Operations / Maintenance Expert
Sophisticated Use of Language
The One-Minute Engineering Department
Results of the Analysis
The Hazards Analysis Report
Findings and Recommendations
Minimalist Writing - Make Every Word Tell
Omit Needless Words
Short, Simple Words
Minimize ‘Soft’ Materials