Karadawi - Chapter 08
Sudan's refugee policy under successive governments had two major
concerns: the threat to state security and the socio-economic burden
caused by the refugees. The emphasis on the need to contain the threat
to state security was maintained throughout the period under study,
irrespective of whether a particular Sudanese regime attempted to
contain the threat for the sake of stability or to use it to
destabilise the regime in Ethiopia. After 1967, with the introduction
of a policy which accepted the OAU norms for the treatment of refugees,
the latter course of action became the exception rather than the rule.
The Sudanese Government's adoption of the OAU norms was intentional, as
they provided legitimacy for its attempts to suppress the political
activities of the refugees and to contain any threat to the status quo.
Under the influence of governments which, through their internal
policies, had caused the exodus of their citizens, the OAU confirmed
the link between refugees and the likelihood of threats to national and
international security. Both Sudan and Ethiopia had encountered
internal conflict which generated refugees, and each needed to contain
the threat posed by their active oppositions in exile. In Sudan, as in
Ethiopia, the OAU norms gave credence to what was originally an
internal government policy to subdue opposition.