Karadawi - Chapter 03
The policy towards refugees described in the last chapter was based on the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity and consequently the condemnation of external intervention in the internal affairs of individual countries. Such a policy was severely tested after the changes in regimes in Sudan in May 1969 and in Ethiopia in September 1974. As before, the presence of opposition groups continued to threaten the security of each regime and created tension between the two countries. In the period from 1976 to 1978, the two regimes abandoned the norms established by the OAU. Instead, they relied on alliances with other states, military buildup, and public support for exiled opposition groups. As a result, Ethiopia witnessed an escalation in fighting between the regime and opposition groups. Military operations expanded to cover larger areas and larger sections of the population were affected. Consequently, the rate of exodus of refugees to Sudan was far greater than anything known before.