Heller - Chapter 06 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Heller - Chapter 06

Heller - Chapter 06 HellerBourgeois_06 Instant Download Price
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Buy and Download Description A little more than a year after the fall of Robespierre, the National Convention was replaced by a new government which called itself the Directory. At first it was tightly controlled by Thermidorean members of the Convention, many of whom were able to retain their seats in the new government. The new regime survived for four years until the coup d'état of Napoleon Bonaparte on 9 November (18th Brumaire) 1799. The government of the National Convention had been a democratic republic which based its economic policies on centralized management of prices, wages and commerce. The Directory attempted to maintain the Republic, but on the basis of a reassertion of liberal ideas in politics and the economy. Political life was made more exclusive and restrictive, while more freedom was given to the market. While it did not abolish democracy outright, its system of indirect elections limited ultimate control over the composition of the government to about thirty thousand substantial property holders. Limiting participation in government in this way, the Directory sought to restrict not only popular political participation, but to also exclude from power members of the old nobility and the monarchist bourgeoisie. Rejecting the state controlled economy of the Jacobins, the Directory confined itself to a lower level of political control in accord with the principles of laissez-faire.1 At the same time, the continuation of trade protectionism and the pursuit of war against England opened up fresh possibilities toward the establishment of the economic dominance of France on the European Continent.2 A little more than a year after the fall of Robespierre, the National Convention was replaced by a new government which called itself the Directory. At first it was tightly controlled by Thermidorean members of the Convention, many of whom were ab
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