Heller - Chapter 04 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Heller - Chapter 04

Heller - Chapter 04 HellerBourgeois_04 Instant Download Price
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Buy and Download Description Arguing against the existence of capitalism in eighteenth-century France, George Comninel has asserted that the absence of a real proletariat precluded the possibility of such an economy. According to him, no true proletariat existed because the wage-earning class, which Comninel acknowledges existed, was required to live off its own subsistence. An authentic proletariat must be dependent on the market for its means of subsistence as well as be wage based. As a-matter-of fact, Comninel's concept of a wage-earning class living off its own subsistence appears to be a bit of a contradiction in terms. If wageworkers in eighteenth-century France could sustain themselves through their own subsistence, why did they turn to wagework in increasing numbers? As we have already seen, the rural wage-earning class in eighteenth century France in fact, did not, and could not, live off its own subsistence. That is why it turned more and more to wage work. It is true that many rural workers had gardens and were able to glean and forage for a certain portion of their subsistence. It is this possibility that Comninel emphasizes. Nonetheless, a substantial part of the food and eventually even clothing and household articles of rural workers had to be obtained by spending money in the market. Money-indispensable to subsistence- was only available to the laboring classes through the sale of their labor power in the market, in return for wages. Consequently, the sale of labor in return for wages was an intrinsic feature of the eighteenth-century economy. Arguing against the existence of capitalism in eighteenth-century France, George Comninel has asserted that the absence of a real proletariat precluded the possibility of such an economy. According to him, no true proletariat existed because the w
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