Heller - Chapter 02 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Heller - Chapter 02

Heller - Chapter 02 HellerBourgeois_02 Instant Download Price
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Buy and Download Description Eighteenth century France was still a feudal society. As such, agriculture was the major economic activity of most of the population. The ruling class, which controlled most of the land, consisted of the nobles and upper clergy. Owing to their hold on the land, this class of landlords dominated the rural population and even exercised sway over many of the smaller towns. The feudal seigneurie, which dated back to the Middle Ages, was still the predominant legal and political institution in the countryside. Accordingly, the network of feudal legal relationships that determined rural property links remained for the most part, intact. True, most landed rents were no longer primarily seigneurial. Yet these rents tended to be assimilated with, or to approximate those of, the seigneurie. More to the point, seigneurial rents remained a critical factor in defining the social relationship between lord and peasant in the countryside. Rents in kind of this traditional type continued to be a significant economic burden on the peasantry. At the same time, a substantial part of aristocratic income continued to be based on seigneurial revenues. Indeed, the overwhelmingly largest portion of noble income came from the land.1 Eighteenth century France was still a feudal society. As such, agriculture was the major economic activity of most of the population. The ruling class, which controlled most of the land, consisted of the nobles and upper clergy. Owing to their hol
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