Heller - Chapter 01 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Heller - Chapter 01

Heller - Chapter 01 HellerBourgeois_01 Instant Download Price
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Buy and Download Description The notion of the French Revolution as a bourgeois revolution was fundamental to Karl Marx's understanding of historical development. Marx did not invent this conception of the Revolution out of thin air. He derived it from the writings of liberal historians like François Guizot, Augustin Thierry, and François-Auguste Mignet who published their works in the first half of the nineteenth century. The concept of the gradual development of the power of the middle class which is found in the work of these historians was the basic theme of the liberal account of French history. According to these early nineteenth-century scholars, the story of the whole period from the Renaissance to their own time was one of the stepby- step ascension of the middle class. Prior to the Revolution this expansion of the power of the middle class occurred under the protection of the monarchy and came at the expense of the aristocracy. This process reached its culmination with the Revolution of 1789 that saw the overthrow of the nobility, the monarchy, and the whole of the ancien régime. Writing with the memory of the Revolution still fresh in their minds, it was taken as axiomatic by these historians that the Revolution saw the overthrow of feudalism by an ascendant middle class.1 The notion of the French Revolution as a bourgeois revolution was fundamental to Karl Marx's understanding of historical development. Marx did not invent this conception of the Revolution out of thin air. He derived it from the writings of liberal
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