Essed - Chapter 06 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Essed - Chapter 06

Essed - Chapter 06 EssedRefugees_06 Instant Download Price
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This chapter concerns forced migrants who hitherto have been completely ignored by scholars. It focuses on (widowed) women now living in two so-called permanent liability camps in Bihar, a state known as one of the poorest, most populous and underdeveloped states of India. These women belong to a small section of the linguistic and historic minority of Bengali-speaking Hindus who migrated from East Pakistan to the State of Bihar in India during the aftermath of the 'Partition'. At the juncture of the British withdrawal in 1947, British India was divided into India and (East and West) Pakistan. This division is commonly referred to as 'the Partition'. It was associated with extreme violence and massive transfers of populations. No one knows how many were killed during the Partition violence. No one knows how many were displaced and dispossessed. What we know is that, between 1946 and 1951, nearly nine million Hindus and Sikhs came to India and about six million Muslims went to Pakistan. According to the newspaper Hindu (3-1-2002), of the said nine million, five million came from what became West Pakistan, and four million from East Pakistan. Most left their place of birth due to a sense of insecurity. Many had experienced extreme violence during Hindu- Muslim communal riots, others had suffered discrimination and again others severe economic deprivation. Introduction This chapter concerns forced migrants who hitherto have been completely ignored by scholars. It focuses on (widowed) women now living in two so-called permanent liability camps in Bihar, a state known as one of the poorest, most po
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