DrackleEd - Chapter 14
In common with other European countries, the emergence and
consolidation of anthropological discourse in Portugal took place in
the second half of the nineteenth century, and was influenced by the
Romantic currents of the time. Although the 'study of popular customs
had not been a decisive factor in the formation of the Nation-State'
(Pina-Cabral 1986: 22), it is true that until the 1960s the history of
Portuguese anthropology combined ethnographic knowledge of peasant
traditions with a search for defining elements of the national identity
and imagery of one of the oldest nation states in Europe (Leal 1998).