deWet - Chapter 05 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

deWet - Chapter 05

deWet - Chapter 05 deWetDevelopment_05 Instant Download Price
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It has long been clear that those displaced or resettled by development projects have not usually benefited from the process. Instead, they have more often been impoverished, losing economic, social, and cultural resources. National governments typically have justified developmentinduced displacement and resettlement (DIDR) by invoking goals of national growth and development, and the belief that the greater good justifies some loss. In response, some have questioned whether projects that involve large-scale DIDR ever offer just development, while others have argued that impoverishment can be mitigated or avoided by careful planning that includes development initiatives for the affected. This chapter addresses the latter argument. For at least thirty years, those studying the effects of resettlement have looked for ways to improve future initiatives (Chambers 1969, Scudder 1981, Hansen and Oliver-Smith 1982, Cernea 2000). Knowledge about avoiding impoverishment has also been codified in guidelines. Here the World Bank led the way, promulgating an initial policy in 1980. Versions of its guidelines were later adopted by the OECD, other international organisations and some countries (Rew et al. 2000). Although guidelines have been instrumental in improving outcomes, displacement and resettlement continue to be problematic. Introduction It has long been clear that those displaced or resettled by development projects have not usually benefited from the process. Instead, they have more often been impoverished, losing economic, social, and cultural resources. Nationa
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