deWet - Chapter 03
The Problem and Its Setting
Comparatively little attention has been paid in the research literature to
the policy practices which shape the restructuring of residence and livelihoods
associated with development-induced displacement and resettlement
(DIDR) programmes. Surveys of policy dynamics by Cernea (1993a,
b), Oliver-Smith (1996) and Rew (1996) stand out as relatively unusual.
The relative lack of attention to DIDR policy variation and the practices of
its implementation is disconcerting for a number of reasons.
First, the possibility, even likelihood, of major adverse impacts from
poorly handled DIDR and the need for governments to 'will' a measure
of social protection for the vulnerable and displaced is increasingly recognised
in public opinion. A 'bad' 'resettlement and rehabilitation (R&R)
component' can tarnish the reputation of a project and/or lead to severe
delays in a project's construction timetable. Why, then, is this growing
recognition of the need to plan for R&R not catered for in supporting policy