Chatty and Colchester - Chapter 32 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Chatty and Colchester - Chapter 32

Chatty and Colchester - Chapter 32 ChattyConservation_32 Instant Download Price
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Buy and Download Description The study of change in tribal societies of India with particular reference to the changing subsistence pattern of forest dwelling tribes as a result of colonial rule and enforcement of forest regulations has been a topic of investigation for many anthropologists for the last thirty years or so. A number of such studies, including the recent works of Gadgil and Guha (1992), Agarwal (1994), Fernandes (1995) and several others on forest dwelling tribes in India, have shown that promotion of commercial forestry and State takeover of the forests which began in the late nineteenth century were the root causes for many of the problems being faced by these communities today. Declaring forest areas as Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks and forcing the forest dwelling tribes to go out of their original habitats often created, and still continues to create conflicts between tribals and forest authorities. Bans on the traditional practices of shifting cultivation and hunting and relocation of the forest dwelling tribes often led many of them to end up as daily wage labourers in unorganized sectors, industrial settings, forestry and agriculture. Being ignorant and illiterate, many tribal groups who moved out of their forest habitats were by and large exploited and impoverished in the outside world. Some who resisted leaving their forest habitats gradually found alternate sources of survival there; some took up the new occupations that were introduced by governmental agencies in and around their settlements, e.g. cash-crop cultivation, horticulture or wage labour in forestry. With some minor variations, this was the kind of transition that faced many forest dwelling tribes in India, particularly a number of such communities in the Western Ghats of south India. The study of change in tribal societies of India with particular reference to the changing subsistence pattern of forest dwelling tribes as a result of colonial rule and enforcement of forest regulations has been a topic of investigation for many
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