Chatty and Colchester - Chapter 25 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Chatty and Colchester - Chapter 25

Chatty and Colchester - Chapter 25 ChattyConservation_25 Instant Download Price
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Tanzania has an area of 945,087 sq. km and a little more than 30 million people, of whom 80 per cent live in the rural areas. Economic development is still much tied to the relationship between land and the rural population. In order to develop on a self-reliant basis, Tanzania has to use her land and human resources in a sustainable way.

This chapter will look at the processes of land alienation and privatization and the role of conservation in trying to strike a balance between community needs and resource availability. The alienation and privatization of land have led to the displacement of many people, especially nomadic and pastoral peoples. Well-known cases of displacement due to conservation are those resulting from the creation of Serengeti and Ngorongoro National Parks in Northern Tanzania. Though I shall make references to these two cases, my focus will be on the Lake Eyasi Basin in northern Tanzania which supports the Hadzabe hunters and gatherers believed to be the descendants of the original inhabitants of much of northern Tanzania.

It will be argued that the best way to conserve biodiversity in areas already with human habitation is not by displacing resident communities, but to involve them as the number one resource. Neither conservation nor forced settlement can in themselves lead to development. Displacement enhances marginalization and impoverishment of the displaced people. What is happening in the Lake Eyasi Basin is a microcosm of what is happening in other parts of Tanzania and, most likely, East Africa in general.

Tanzania has an area of 945,087 sq. km and a little more than 30 million people, of whom 80 per cent live in the rural areas. Economic development is still much tied to the relationship between land and the rural population. In order to develop o
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