Chatty and Colchester - Chapter 18
Co-management or community-based management is seen by many
conservationists as a humane and practical alternative to eviction and
punitive sanctions of people who inhabit and use lands designated for
conservation (Wells et al. 1992; Kemf 1993; Pimbert and Pretty 1995).
In its ideal form, co-management involves 'the active participation in
management of a resource by the community of all individuals and groups
having some connection with, or interest in, that resource' (Claridge
1997b: 19), often involving some sort of economic development
component. Such 'integrated conservation and development projects' are
not always easy solutions (Western and Wright 1994; Vandergeest 1996),
but are today regarded as the standard approach to conservation.