Boyden - Chapter 12 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Boyden - Chapter 12

Boyden - Chapter 12 BoydenChildren_12 Instant Download Price
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Buy and Download Description As one of the most horrifying and momentous experiences known to humankind, war is of major theoretical and empirical interest to many scholars in the social sciences. International relations, economics, sociology and political science have been at the forefront of research in this field. Anthropologists, however, have tended to neglect the topic of war. In so far as the normal condition of human society is taken to be one of order, stability and equilibrium, anthropology tends to regard armed conflict as an atypical and calamitous state that, as such, merits little theoretical or empirical scrutiny. This outlook can be attributed in part to the influence of Marcel Mauss, whose theory of gift exchange promoted the idea that human interaction is founded on mutual interest and peaceful transaction. It has, however, been criticised in recent decades by those who suggest that it exaggerates both the accord and consistency of societies at peace and the anarchy of war (Allen 1989; Colson 1989; Davis 1992; Nordstrom 1997; Reynolds-White 1998). The critics stress instead the order that prevails within the disorder of war. They highlight the morality that persists in an immoral context and the culturally encoded meanings that structure and regulate individual and collective experience even in communities exposed to extreme violence and discord. They understand armed conflict not as a societal aberration, but as growing out of either a specific form of social organisation or a specific cultural phase. Some call for greater attention to conflict, or for the development of what John Davis has termed 'the anthropology of suffering'. As one of the most horrifying and momentous experiences known to humankind, war is of major theoretical and empirical interest to many scholars in the social sciences. International relations, economics, sociology and political science have been a
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