Boyden - Chapter 05 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Boyden - Chapter 05

Boyden - Chapter 05 BoydenChildren_05 Instant Download Price
In Stock
$ 9.00 USD
bbks@berghahnbooksonline.com
Buy and Download Description An Ethnographically-based Concept of 'Child' Definitions and understandings of childhood in the West, which inform the concepts used by development agencies, are essentially age based. They assume that a child is someone under the age of 18, and is vulnerable, dependant and innocent. Implicit in this definition is the assumption that all those below 18 share these characteristics. Hence, the label 'child soldier' is applied to anyone under the age of 18 who bears arms. In the rural and urban areas of Manica province, Mozambique, where this research was carried out, the study sample indicated that almost half of both the RENAMO and FRELIMO fighters were younger than eighteen at the time of recruitment, and therefore were technically child soldiers (Schafer 1999: 123). But the research also suggests that the concept of 'child' soldier in the sense in which it is commonly understood, with the implications of childhood vulnerability and innocence, is not useful or accurate in this particular context. Amongst the Shona, the main ethnic group of Manica province, a distinction is made between the activities of a child and the activities of an adolescent. In Manica, labour migration was considered part of the process of entering manhood,2 beginning as early as age 12. The majority of the young RENAMO rural recruits had already spent some time living away from their family. (They generally went to nearby Zimbabwe for work at this age, and further afield to South Africa once they had more experience.) Thus, they were not really considered children by their communities in the sense in which the term is understood in the West.3 The fact that young men are involved in economic processes makes them, in the eyes of that society, potentially legitimate perpetrators of violence even though they are not yet 18 years of age. An Ethnographically-based Concept of 'Child' Definitions and understandings of childhood in the West, which inform the concepts used by development agencies, are essentially age based. They assume that a child is someone under the age of 18, and i
Recent Reviews Be the first to Review this product!
0 0 0 0 reviews