Black - Chapter 12 | eBooks | Non-Fiction

Black - Chapter 12

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Buy and Download Description The return of Guatemalan refugees from Mexico after more than ten years in exile is one of the cases that contributed to the designation of the 1990s as the 'decade of voluntary repatriation'. This repatriation exercise is an example of the contemporary concerns to promote the process of repatriation and to 'push' refugee assistance back across the border in order to prevent the further production of refugees. The lasting aim was to contribute to the formation of a modern, democratic state. The process of how repatriation links up with the (re-) formation of states has rarely been examined. The present chapter focuses on this process by drawing upon a more general debate on state formation. The process of repatriation in Guatemala is demonstrated to have increased the presence of the 'state' in the former areas of conflict, but at the same time to have enhanced the possibility of new conflicts. After presenting an analytical framework for the study of state formation, the chapter articulates the relationship between repatriation and state formation by focusing on three issues, namely: the arrival and forms of intervention of 'waves' of relief and development agencies; the conflicts over access to land and other resources which are related to the recategorisation of the social landscape, and finally the arrival, capacities and strategies of repatriates and returnees who regard themselves as a social force of modernisation. The return of Guatemalan refugees from Mexico after more than ten years in exile is one of the cases that contributed to the designation of the 1990s as the 'decade of voluntary repatriation'. This repatriation exercise is an example of the contem
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