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PHL 320 Week 1 Knowledge Check

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PHL 320 Week 1 Knowledge Check

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PHL 320 Week 1 Knowledge Check

1.

In the context of arguments in the critical thinking process, what is the term used to refer to a reason provided for accepting a claim?

Premise

Conclusion

Objective

Belief

2.

Identify a true statement about the effects of critical thinking on the decision-making process.

Critical thinking prevents a person from making prudent decisions.

Critical thinking promotes decisions based on logically accurate conclusions.

Critical thinking results in reactions based on ill-informed decisions.

Critical thinking involves forming conclusions through intuition rather than reason.

3.

Which among the following is a subjective claim?

There is no life on Jupiter.

Russia is the largest country.

Botanically, tomato is a vegetable.

Bacon is a great breakfast dish.

 

Concept: Two kinds of arguments, deduction, induction, and unstated premises, and balance of considerations and IBEs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mastery 100% Questions ·         4

 

·         5

·         6

 

 

Materials on the concept

 

 

 

 

    • Two Kinds of Arguments

 

 

    • Deductive Arguments

 

 

    • “Balance of Considerations” and IBEs

 

 

    • Two Kinds of Reasoning

 

 

    • Inductive Arguments

 

 

 

4.

When is a deductive argument valid?

When it is impossible for the premise to be true and the conclusion untrue

When the premise is accurate, but the conclusion is inaccurate

When the premise does not support the conclusion

When the conclusion denies the truth of the premise by stating the opposite

5.

In the context of “inference to the best explanation” (IBE) reasoning, identify an accurate statement about the best explanation of a phenomenon.

The best explanation is one that fails to sufficiently account for the occurrence of a particular event.

The best explanation is one that leads to vague predictions.

The best explanation is one that often clashes with other firmly established explanations.

The best explanation is one that involves the least number of needless assumptions.

PHL 320 Week 1 Knowledge Check https://uoptutorialstore.com/category/phl-320/ PHL 320 Week 1 Knowledge Check 1. In the context of arguments in the critical thinking process, what is the term used to refer to a reason provided for accepting a c
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