BUSN 427 Final Exam
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BUSN 427 Final Exam
1.(TCO 1) What organization was protested in Seattle in 1999?
2. (TCO 2) According to Francis Fukuyama, the collapse of communism in eastern Europe was followed by which of the following?
3. (TCO 3) Which language is most widely spoken throughout the world?
4. (TCO 3) Which theory deals with competitive advantage for countries?
5. (TCO 4) In the last 30 years, the world economy has seen
6. (TCO 5) Chile is included in which of the following regional integrations organizations?
7. (TCO 6) When a firm engages in hedging it is
1. (TCO 8) What are the three staffing policies available to a multinational corporation?
2. (TCO 8) In distribution strategy, what are the four main differences between countries?
3. (TCO 3) India’s caste system has been around for many years. Explain why its influence has diminished among educated urban middle class Indians.
4. (TCO 3) In 2006, two Chinese journalists reported that the working conditions at Hongfujin Precision Industries where Apple’s iPods are produced were substandard. According to the report, not only were workers at the plant poorly paid, but they were also forced to work overtime. Apple immediately responded to the allegations and audited the factory in question. However, managers at the factory filed a defamation lawsuit against the two journalists. Despite the fact that Apple’s audit did indeed show substandard working conditions at the factory, Hongfujin did not withdraw the lawsuit.
5. (TCO 3) Exports are largely responsible for China’s recent rapid economic growth. The country, capitalizing on its cheap labor force, has focused on converting raw materials into products that are exported to developed countries such as the United States. In 2008, China’s trade surplus was a record $280 billion, and its holdings of foreign exchange reserves were over $1.95 trillion.
6. (TCO 4) Telefonica is a Spanish telecommunications firm. For decades, Telefonica had operated as a typical state-owned enterprise, but privatization and deregulation changed that path in the 1990s. Telefonica began to aggressively pursue expansion opportunities in Latin America where it quickly became the number one or two player in nearly every country. Later, Telefonica turned its sights on Europe where its acquisitions helped transform the company into the second biggest mobile phone operator in the world. What changes in political and economic environment allowed Telefoncia to start expanding globally?
7. (TCO 7) Why did the world shift from a gold standard to fixed exchange rates?
1.TCO 5) Concerning European Union’s progress toward creating a single financial market, the quest started in 1999 was to have been completed by 2005, however, progress has been slowed by various factors related to the tradition of each member country operating autonomously. By 2007, significant progress had been made. Some 41 measures designed to create a single market were in place and others were in the pipeline.
2. (TCO 6) In the 1980s, Caterpillar was negatively affected by a strong dollar and lost significant market share to Japanese competitor Komatsu. The situation prompted Caterpillar to revise its global strategy and by the 2000s, the company was in a much better position to deal with volatile currency values. More recently, a strong dollar has actually helped boost Caterpillar’s bottom line.
3. (TCO 7) In May 2001, the IMF agreed to lend $8 billion to Turkey to help stabilize its economy and halt a sharp slide in the value of its currency. Although initially the Turkish government resisted IMF mandates on economic policy, in 2003 the government passed an austerity budget.
4. (TCO 8) MD International is an export intermediary for U.S. medical equipment manufacturers. The company has been able to capitalize on falling trade barriers, as well as expand healthcare programs in the Latin American region. MD International currently represents more than 30 companies and sells to some 600 regional distributors.
5. (TCO 8) Boeing made the decision to outsource much of the production of the 787 in the hopes of significantly reducing the time to get the product to market. Boeing also anticipated that its outsourcing strategy would allow it to generate additional sales from the countries that were partners in the process and reduce its costs and risks. Although Boeing’s strategy worked for some components, for other parts the strategy was a disaster.
6. (TCO 8) By 2015, Ford hopes to compete in North America, Europe, and Asia by offering several global models including the Fiesta, the Fusion, and the Mondeo. The company, which refers to its new strategy as One Ford, anticipates that its global models will share the same components and looks and be positioned in a similar way in each market in which they are sold.