Cradles of Civilization 3: History of Egypt Part 1
Dr. David Neiman starts his lecture on the history of Egypt with a discussion of the Nile river and how the physical geography of Egypt shaped its culture and development.
The Pyramids are amazing technological wonders. But the knowledge required to build the Pyramids had to be developed over time. Dr. Neiman explains the origins and progression of the pyramid structure and the building techniques and tools used by the ancient Egyptians to construct the pyramids.
The ancient Egyptians developed a particular style of artistic representation that endured for a thousand years. Dr. Neiman discusses the subjects, style and history of ancient Egyptian representations in this sculpture and painting. The great temple complex at Luxor contained colossal statues and pillars that still inspire awe 3,500 years after their creation. Less remains in Memphis, the capital of Lower Egypt, because conquering armies destroyed many of the treasures of the ancient kingdom over centuries of conflict.
The Hyksos ruled Egypt from 1730 - 1550 B.C.E. The remains of their structures, characterized by the "cyclopean" masonry techniques, can be found throughout the Mediterranean regions that they controlled. The Hyksos are mentioned in the Bible but are referred to as "Amorites". The Hyksos were able to conquer Egypt because of superior technology. Their advanced weapons included the 2-wheeled war chariot and the laminated bow.
In 1550 B.C.E., a group of Theban Princes mounted a successful rebellion against the Hyksos. Now armed with the latest technology in weapons, the Theban Princes chased out the Hyksos and established the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. After defeating the Hyksos in 1500 B.C.E., the Egyptian elite faced a crisis. Several factions developed with differing opinions over how Egypt should conduct itself now that they are free of the foreign invaders. Hatshepsut gained political control of Egypt after the death of her husband Thutmose II. Hatshepsut concentrated her efforts on making Egypt an economic and trading powerhouse. But tensions grow as Hatshepsut finds a myriad of ways to avoid passing the thrown to her successor.
Dr. David Neiman (1921–2004) was professor of Jewish theology at Boston College and specialized in a broad range of fields, including archaeology, Biblical studies, Jewish history and Catholic-Jewish relations. He also organized Boston College’s Institute of Biblical Archeology and participated in nearly a dozen archaeological excavations in Israel. He was the author of Domestic Relations in Antiquity (Little Acorns Press, 1994) as well as a commentary and selected translation of the Book of Job (Massada, 1972). He also wrote several important articles for the Encyclopedia Judaica. His lectures on the Book of Genesis were delivered in 2000 at the University of Judaism in Bel Air, CA.
Total Running Time: 59 minutes